The joy of redemption
מלא שבע זאת ונתנה לך גם-את-זאת גו’
Complete this week, and she will be given to you [in marriage] as well…
The Mishnah teaches us that it is forbidden to get married on Yom Tov, as well as the intermediary days of Yom Tov. The reason given is that it is a simcha, a joyous event. Why is that a reason to forbid it on Yom Tov?
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Celebrating our newly attained wisdom
ושמחת בחגך וגו’
You shall rejoice on your festival…
Anyone who has ever been to a Simchas Torah celebration can attest to the intense simcha, joy, that is present. Everyone’s happiness is palpable. People can dance with the Torah for hours on end (even without the aid of alcohol). Where does this simcha come from? More importantly, how can we make this simcha last even after the festival is over? Can be bring this simcha with us throughout the rest of the year?
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The Week of Sheva Berachos, Day #1 – Simcha
אמר רבי תנחום א”ר חנילאי כל אדם שאין לו אשה שרוי בלא שמחה…דכתיב ושמחת אתה וביתך
Rabbi Tanchum said in the name of Rabbi Chanilai: Any man who doesn’t have a wife lives without joy…as it is written: “You shall rejoice, you and your household”
As part of the Jewish wedding ceremony, seven blessings known as sheva berachos are recited under the chuppah. As well, our Sages tell us that once a couple gets married, they are to spend the first week of their marriage rejoicing. During these seven days, the sheva berachos are again recited, at the end of a festive meal. Some say that these seven blessings correlate to the seven things that a man acquires when he gets married. Our Sages inform us that until a man gets married, he doesn’t have joy, blessing, goodness, Torah, fortification, peace, nor is he a complete Man. As such, it would be appropriate during this week to elaborate on each of these seven qualities, and how they relate to marriage.
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What are we celebrating?
שבעת ימים תחג…והיית אך שמח
You shall celebrate for seven days…and you shall be only joyful
The holiday of Shemini Atzeres is one of those interesting festivals with no associated paraphernalia. Rosh Hashanah has the Shofar, Sukkos has the Sukkah, Pesach has Matzah. The celebration of each festival seems to be accompanied with some sort of item or activity to add a focus to the festivities. They are usually associated with some event, which is the cause of the celebration. What are we celebrating on the holiday of Shemini Atzeres? In fact, the Torah, with regards to Sukkos, tells us to be “only” joyful. The gemarra expounds the extraneous word “only” to be teaching us that Shemini Atzeres is also a time of joy. What are we joyful about on Shemini Atzeres?
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Finding joy in exile
בסוכות תשבו שבעת ימים כל-האזרח בישראל ישבו בסוכות: למען ידעו דורותיכם כי בסוכות הושבתי את- בני ישראל בהוצאתי אותם מארץ מצרים וגו’
You shall dwell in sukkos for seven days; every citizen in Israel shall dwell in sukkos. [This is] in order for your generations to know that I placed the Children of Israel in sukkos when I took them out of the land of Egypt…
During the festival of Sukkos, Jews are obligated to leave their permanent dwelling place and to live for seven days in sukkos. The Torah tells us that this is so we will remember that Hashem placed our ancestors in sukkos when He took us out of Egypt. There’s a tannaic dispute as to the meaning behind the word sukkos in this verse. In general, the word sukkos refers to a temporary booth, usually made of wood, with a roof made from the waste from the harvest. Rabbi Akiva holds that Hashem placed the Jews in literal booths when he took them out of Egypt. However, Rabbi Eliezer holds that the verse refers to the Clouds of Glory which Hashem provided them in the wilderness, as a sort of protection from the elements. We are then commanded to make literal sukkos to represent the metaphorical sukkos of the past. The halacha, Jewish law, follows Rabbi Eliezer.
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